Middle ages

Crucifix of Ferdinand and Sancha

Ivory and jet
Collegiate of San Isidoro, León
11th century

The decoration summarises the story of salvation, with funerary undertones, based on the gospel of Matthew. Christ, with a receptacle (staurotheke) containing the True Cross, is shown with four nails and a loincloth with exquisitely carved folds. At his feet Adam, the cause of man’s fall, emerges from the tomb, and at the top is an unusual depiction of the Resurrected Christ.

The crucifix was donated by the king and queen of Leon in 1063, along with many other precious objects, following the transfer of Saint Isidore’s relics from Seville.


Here you will find objects related to three different cultural contexts: the Visigothic kingdom of Toledo (5th-8th century); the Hispano-Islamic world (8th-15th century), comprising the Caliphate, Taifa and Nasrid periods; and the Christian kingdoms (8th-15th century), characterised by the development of the Pre-Romanesque, Romanesque and Gothic styles in the cities and monasteries and along the Way of Saint James. Meanwhile, a series of Mudejar objects illustrate the Muslim presence in Christian Spain.

Fíbula de Alovera

Visigothic kingdom


Tesoro de Bentarique

Hispano-Islamic world


Capitel Santa María la Real

Christian kingdoms