Egypt and the Near East

Praying Sumerian figure

Mesopotamia (Iraq)
Early Dynastic III (2500 BC)

This figure represents a standing Sumerian worshipper, hands clasped over the breast, wearing a long skirt. Figures of this type were repeated over the course of several centuries in Mesopotamia, and although the style evolved, the men and women’s clothing, hairstyles and poses changed very little.


The Fertile Crescent, which includes Egypt and the Near East, witnessed the emergence of the first urban civilisations, the first centralised political structure and the first monumental architecture. The objects in this section shed light on the vast contributions to civilisation made by Mesopotamian cultures. They also offer an insight into the unique natural environment in which the ancient Egyptians and Nubians lived, as well as their daily life, religious beliefs and funeral customs.

Sarcófago de Isisemajbit Detalle



Vaso meroítico



Alfiler de Luristán

Near East