Egypt and the Near East

Shabti box of Khabekhent

Polychrome wood
Deir el-Medina, Thebes (Luxor, Egypt)
19th Dynasty, reign of Ramesses II (1279 BC)
 

This box contained the shabtis of Khabekhent, a craftsman who worked on the construction of the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings. It is shaped like a chapel with a double semicircular roof, possibly a replica of the archaic chapels of Lower Egypt. It depicts several doors, two mummiform figures, and inscriptions referring to the owner.

Catalogue

The Fertile Crescent, which includes Egypt and the Near East, witnessed the emergence of the first urban civilisations, the first centralised political structure and the first monumental architecture. The objects in this section shed light on the vast contributions to civilisation made by Mesopotamian cultures. They also offer an insight into the unique natural environment in which the ancient Egyptians and Nubians lived, as well as their daily life, religious beliefs and funeral customs.

Sarcófago de Isisemajbit Detalle

Egypt

        

Vaso meroítico

Nubia

   

Alfiler de Luristán

Near East