Protohistory

Lady of Baza

Limestone
Grave 155, necropolis of Baza (Granada)
First half of the 4th century BC

The Lady of Baza is interpreted as the representation of a high-born woman from the city of Basti who was heroised during an elaborate funerary rite.

What make this sculpture so exceptional are the fact that it was used as a cinerary urn and the symbolic elements that accompany it: the winged throne, a symbol of divinity, and the young pigeon she holds in one hand, interpreted as a nexus between the mortal woman and the goddess who acts as protector of both the bird and the deceased’s bones.

The type and decoration of the pottery items among the grave goods recall the Orientalising world and confirm the lady’s ancient lineage. The metal objects, consisting of four sets of weapons and armour laid at her feet as offerings, are interpreted as a reflection of the funeral rites celebrated with combats between warriors.

 

Catalogue

These links provide information about objects belonging to different people groups who inhabited the Iberian Peninsula during the first millennium BC. The most important groups were the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, who arrived from the eastern Mediterranean and left their mark on the Tartessians who already occupied the peninsula; the Celts and Iberians; and the former inhabitants of the Balearic Islands, the Talayotic peoples.

Dama de Galera

Phoenicians and Carthaginians

  

Tesoro de Aliseda

Tartessians

           

Fíbula de Lancia

Celtic peoples

           

Bicha de Balazote

Iberians

         

Toro de Costitx

Talayotic peoples