Protohistory

Pectoral from Aguilar de Anguita

Bronze
Necropolis of El Altillo, Aguilar de Anguita (Guadalajara)
Celtiberian culture
5th-early 4th century BC
 

Elite Celtiberian warriors protected their torsos with leather and linen breastplates. Sometimes the front and back of these plates were covered with bronze discs like these, originally gilded and decorated with a repoussé pattern. These discs hung from chains and were complemented by oval or circular plates, which were also decorated. Their finest parallels can be found in the Mediterranean region, and this pectoral is therefore thought to be a prestige object, used for ceremonies and exhibition purposes rather than on the battlefield. The geometric decorative motifs are associated with astral themes and may have had an apotropaic function, serving to protect the wearer.

Catalogue

These links provide information about objects belonging to different people groups who inhabited the Iberian Peninsula during the first millennium BC. The most important groups were the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, who arrived from the eastern Mediterranean and left their mark on the Tartessians who already occupied the peninsula; the Celts and Iberians; and the former inhabitants of the Balearic Islands, the Talayotic peoples.

Dama de Galera

Phoenicians and Carthaginians

     

Tesoro de Aliseda

Tartessians

        

Fíbula de Lancia

Celtic peoples

         

Bicha de Balazote

Iberians

      

Toro de Costitx

Talayotic peoples