Protohistory

Costitx bull

Bronze
Shrine of Son Corró
Talayotic culture
5th-3rd century BC
 

Cast using the lost wax method and hollow inside, with cold-etched details. The ears and horns were cast separately and riveted to the head. In some cases the eyes were filled with vitreous paste.

The bulls are interpreted as images of a deity rather than as evidence of bull worship.The shrine of Son Corró, in use from the fifth century BC until the Roman conquest, was a rectangular building with one-metre-high monolithic pillars, possibly baetyli, randomly distributed inside. Three bronze sculptures presided over the ceremonies: two bulls’ heads and one calf’s head, which may have rested on column shafts.
 

Catalogue

These links provide information about objects belonging to different people groups who inhabited the Iberian Peninsula during the first millennium BC. The most important groups were the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, who arrived from the eastern Mediterranean and left their mark on the Tartessians who already occupied the peninsula; the Celts and Iberians; and the former inhabitants of the Balearic Islands, the Talayotic peoples.

Dama de Galera

Phoenicians and Carthaginians

        

Tesoro de Aliseda

Tartessians

         

Fíbula de Lancia

Celtic peoples

           

Bicha de Balazote

Iberians

        

Toro de Costitx

Pueblos Talayóticos