Protohistory and Colonisations

Jarra de Numancia

Update of Emblematic Archaeological Sites and Their Materials by the Protohistory and Colonisations Department

Estimated timeframe: 2007-2015

Lead researchers: Alicia Rodero Riaza, Magdalena Barril Vicente and Esperanza Manso Martín

The routine work of a scientific department at a museum involves continually updating existing records to take into account new finds derived from archaeological excavations and revisions of materials and contexts, all of which can have an impact on the objects preserved by the department and on the sites that yielded them. The new installation project begun at the National Archaeological Museum in 2007 underscored the need to update and research collections with a view to improving their presentation to the public in the display cases in the galleries of the permanent exhibition.

Instalación de un verraco en el jardín

Historiography of the Pre-Roman Celtic Collections at the National Archaeological Museum

Estimated timeframe: 2006-2015

Lead researcher: Magdalena Barril Vicente

The documentary study of additions to the museum’s Celtic collections, the circumstances surrounding their discovery and excavation, and their social repercussions provide an important insight into the contexts where they were found, enhancing the cultural value of the objects and ensuring that they are properly exhibited and communicated to the public. This is particularly important in the case of materials whose public perception has changed so profoundly since the 19th century that they are no longer viewed as the product of barbarian tribes but of peoples who treated the Romans as their equals.


Tesoro de Mogón

Revision of the Pre-Roman Gold and Silver Collections at the National Archaeological Museum

Estimated timeframe: 2007-2015

Lead researcher: Magdalena Barril Vicente

Since the 19th century the museum’s gold and silver collections have provided a reference for typological studies of these objects coveted by treasure hunters. Unfortunately, in the majority of cases we have no precise knowledge of the circumstances in which they were found, or consequently of their context. It is only recently, by means of analyses, studies of unpublished archive data and comparisons with pieces found in properly excavated contexts, that we have been able to clarify contexts, chronologies and methods of manufacture.


Identification, Functions and Manufacturing Techniques of Pre-Roman Iron Tools

Estimated timeframe: 2007-2015

Lead researcher: Magdalena Barril Vicente

Iron tools from Pre-Roman archaeological sites are a source of information for determining the economic resources and social relations of the peoples who used them. Unfortunately, they are often in poor condition, which hinders their identification and interpretation. In these cases, researchers examine data from comparative studies of archaeological artefacts and ethnological objects to explain the productive activities and economic resources of pre-Roman peoples to the public.